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Gaziantep was used to be called Antep before February 8, 1921, the day on which the Turkish Grand National Assembly granted the honorary title, “Gazi” (ghazi, veteran) due to Antep’s heroic efforts during the World War I and then the War of Independence. The city is still informally called Antep. Gaziantep is one of the most important industrial centers in Turkey, the biggest city in the South-Eastern Anatolian Region of Turkey, and the sixth biggest city in Turkey.
Gaziantep is considered to be among the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. The history of the city extends to 4000 B.C. and most of the civilizations were founded on the surrounding lands. The city is located between Mesopotamia and Mediterranean, at the intersection point of the roads, including the historic Silk Road, connecting east to south and north to west.
The must-see sites to visit in Gaziantep include Belkis (Zeugma), Rumkale (Hromgla), Tilmen Tumulus, the historic local houses of Gaziantep, the Gaziantep Castle and the Gaziantep Covered Markets (Bedesten). You should also visit the Gaziantep Planetarium (the first planetarium in Turkey), the Gaziantep Zoo (the biggest in Turkey), the Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum (the biggest mosaic museum in the World), and Dolicehe (a.k.a. Duluk, the oldest city on the World).
The Gaziantep cuisine is considered to be one of the most prominent cuisines in the World. It is famous for its kebab varieties, such as kusbasi (diced steak) kebab, kiyma (minced steak) kebab, patlican (eggplant) kebab, sogan (onion) kebab, simit (bulgur) kebab and ciger (liver) (cirtlak) kebab. Some of the examples of other local dishes are yuvarlama (small meat and bulgur balls in spicy tomato sauce), lahmacun (a round, thin piece of dough topped with minced meat), karisik dolma (stuffed vegetables), mas soup, beyran, siveydiz, yaprak sarmasi (stuffed wine leaves), cagla meal, kabaklama, dograma, kaburga dolmasi (stuffed ribs), alinazik, yogurtlu patates (potatoes with yogurt souce), burmali kadayif, baklava and Antepfistigi (pistachio) paste.